Oral and dental health diseases can affect the general health of students. The aim of this study was to identify the predictors of oral and dental health behavior using the health belief model HBM in female students in Teheran, Iran. This was a cross-sectional study framed by the HBM, including female students living in district 5 of Tehran, Iran. The data on the HBM constructs perceived severity, perceived susceptibility, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, cues to action, and self-efficacy and demographic characteristics were collected using a self-administered questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, bivariate correlations, and linear regression were performed to analyze the data, using the SPSS software, version
Health belief model linear progression. Limitations of the Theory of Planned Behavior
Becker Int J Dent Hyg. The following constructs of the health belief model are proposed to vary between individuals and predict engagement in health-related behaviors e. The combination of perceived severity and perceived susceptibility is referred to as perceived threat. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis of health promotion in Iranian hospitals. The Protection Motivation Model
Background: Several factors affect oral and dental hygiene and therefore general health.
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Background: Several factors affect oral and dental hygiene and therefore general health. Objectives: This study used the health belief model HBM to explore factors influencing dental health behaviors of students in Teheran, Iran. Methods: A cross-sectional study design was used. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect the data, which included the following measures of the HBM: perceived severity, perceived susceptibility, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, cues to action, and self-efficacy.
Conclusions: The current Health belief model linear progression provides evidence that oral and dental hygiene can be promoted by reducing perceived barriers and enhancing oral and dental hygiene self-efficacy. Perception Oral Health Health Behavior.
Several studies argued that there was a significant relationship between oral health and quality of life 12. Research also reported an increment in the prevalence of oral Your mom jock in developing countries, in which community-based oral care programs were not established 2.
Research also pointed to an association between periodontal disease and coronary heart disease 6. Adolescence is considered a critical period in life, where health behaviors can be acquired and consolidated over the long term 8. A pervious study showed that Iranian adolescents had poor oral health 9.
Research also demonstrated that adolescence was marked by involvement in high-risk health-related behaviors, including use of tobacco and alcohol, both of which are known risk factors for oral disease Several studies showed that perceived oral health beliefs Health belief model linear progression attitudes influenced oral health-related behavior 13 The health belief model HBM is a belief- based theory of health-related behaviors that is used to predict and provide suitable dental health interventions The HBM was developed in the s with the aim of understanding why some people use but others do not use health services.
The model consists of the following constructs 16 : perceived sensitivity, perceived intensity, perceived barriers, perceived benefits, self-efficacy, cues to action, behavior, and knowledge. The model assumes that various factors, such as the perceived severity of a health problem, perceived benefits, and perceived barriers preventing individuals undertaking preventive actions, affect health-related beliefs and behaviors 17 The HBM has been used to study a variety of long- and short-term health behaviors, including weight-control behavior 19hearing health behaviors 20and self-care behaviors The aim of the current study was to investigate the relationship between constructs of the HBM and oral health behaviors among a group of male students in Tehran, Iran.
This was a cross-sectional study carried out in Tehran, Iran. The participants were male students recruited from three high schools in district 5 in Tehran. Health belief model linear progression are 19 schools in this district. In addition, classes were selected randomly. In total, questionnaires were distributed. Written informed consent forms were obtained from all the participants involved in this study. The study protocol was approved by the institutional review board at Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences.
A validated item self-reported measure was used to collect the data Demographic characteristics and knowledge related to oral health behavior were covered by 16 items 6 and 10 items, respectively. The questionnaire contained four behavior-related items concerning flossing and using fluoride toothpaste. Thirty of the items were designed to measure the HBM constructs, including perceived severity, perceived susceptibility, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, cues to action, and self-efficacy.
Each of these constructs Dragonball z ultimate future warrior five items, which the respondents rated on a 5-point Likert scale, ranging from 1 to 5. The questionnaires were self-administered. Prior to completing the questionnaires, the participants were informed about the research project.
All the questionnaires were returned. A panel of experts checked the validity of the questionnaire. Method was mentioned in the another paper The data were analyzed using SPSS, version A Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was used to determine whether the data were normally distributed. The significance level was set at 0.
The final sample consisted of subjects. All students completed the study. The mean age of the participants was Eighty-four Nineteen 4.
One hundred forty-six Of the participants, 98 Table 2 shows the correlations among the constructs of the model for oral health behavior and descriptive statistics for the various variables for the theoretical constructs.
Perceived barriers, self-efficacy, and cues to action showed a positive relationship with dental health behaviors. This study aimed to identify factors influencing the oral health behaviors of male high-school students based on the HBM. The findings revealed that perceived barriers influenced oral health behaviors. Currently, the rate of dietary counseling in dental clinics is low across the globe, including Iran 26 In the present study, the study population was middle class socially and economically.
Among the aforementioned factors, flossing self-efficacy was the highest. Previous studies reported that self-efficacy predicted a range of health behaviors, including oral Lover robot behavior, and that it promoted the predictive efficacy of the HBM Research also showed that self-efficacy was an important predictor of brushing and flossing behaviors 30 and that dental self-efficacy played a key role in oral and dental health hygiene.
Thus, strategies seem to be needed to promote self-efficacy related to dental health behavior. Although this item received high scores, it had less predictive power than that of the other constructs in the model.
In the present study, cues to action were moderate predictors of dental behavior. Therefore, by educating families and parents, especially women, oral and dental hygiene can be promoted. To maintain the oral and general health of societies, Health belief model linear progression dental hygiene plans and appropriate training programs are required.
Given the findings of the study, educational programs should be put in place to familiarize students with oral and dental hygiene and teach them that they can implement oral and dental hygiene, even in the presence of barriers.
The participants in this study were students, which limits the generalizability of the findings of the study. Given the exploratory nature of the study, the relationship among variables could not be investigated.
In Free pics married couples fucking, the study suffers from the limitations that affect all cross-sectional and self-report studies. Harris N, Garcia-Godoy F.
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Dental education and dentistry system in Iran. Med Princ Pract. Health and the life course: why safety nets matter. Neamatollahi H, Ebrahimi M.
Oral health behavior and its determinants in a group of Iranian students. Indian J Dent Res. Adolescents' and their friends' health-risk behavior: factors that alter or add to peer influence. J Pediatr Psychol. Health promoting hospitals model in Iran. Iran J of Public Health. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis of health promotion in Iranian hospitals.
Health MED. Brushing behavior among young adolescents: does perceived severity matter. BMC Public Health. The application of the health belief model in oral health education.
Iran J Public Health. A psychosocial approach to dentistry for the underserved: incorporating theory into practice. J Health Care Finance. PLoS One. Knowledge, beliefs and behavior of food consumption among students of Military University: the application of health belief model HBM. Iranian J Mil Med. The effectiveness of Health belief model linear progression using the health belief model in preventing osteoporosis among female students.
East Mediterr Health J. Using the health belief model to develop culturally appropriate weight-management materials for African-American women. J Acad Nutr Diet.
The Health Belief Model presented in Figure 1 is an updated version of the original schema, primarily based on Rosenstock et al (). The HBM is a health specific social cognition model (Ajzen ), the key components and constructs (that is, complex theoretical components) of which are. -Behavior change is not viewed as linear-It is easy to clients konyaguvenlikkamerasi.coming to the Health Belief Model, health behaviors are strongly linked to: change health behaviors that influence disease progression. Social support is good to help people cope, but Helgeson et al. () warn that. Start studying Health Promotion. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Search. The Health Belief Model States That People are ready to act if they Believe taking action will reduce their susceptibility to the condition or it's severity Progression from to is not always linear.
Health belief model linear progression. 1. Background
Public health is a multi-disciplinary field that aims to 1 prevent disease and death, 2 promote a better quality of life, and 3 create environmental conditions in which people can be healthy by intervening at the institutional, community, and societal level. To be effective in these endeavors, public health practitioners must know how to apply the basic principles, theories, research findings, and methods of the social and behavioral sciences to inform their efforts. A thorough understanding of theories used in public health, which are mainly derived from the social and behavioral sciences, allow practitioners to:.